Studies On Compatibilization Of Recycled Polyethylene/Thermoplastic Starch Blends By Using Different Compatibilizer

Oner B., Gokkurt T., AYTAÇ A.

OPEN CHEMISTRY, vol.17, no.1, pp.557-563, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/chem-2019-0064
  • Title of Journal : OPEN CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.557-563
  • Keywords: Biopolymer, thermoplastic starch (TPS), recycled polyethylene, compatibilizer, GRAFTED MALEIC-ANHYDRIDE, TENSILE PROPERTIES, DENSITY, MORPHOLOGY


In this study, the aim was to examine the effects of three different compatibilizers on the recycled polyethylene/thermoplastic starch (r-LDPE/TPS) blends which are used in producing garbage bags. Polyethylene-Grafted-Maleic Anhydride (PEgMAH), maleic-anhydride modified ethylene propylene rubber (EPMgMAH) and ethylene maleic anhydride copolymer (PEMAH) were selected as the compatibilizers. r-LDPE/TPS blends with or without compatibilizer were prepared by using a twin screw extruder and characterized by means of mechanical, thermal, structural and morphological analyses. It was found that tensile strength values increased with the addition of PEgMAH but decreased with the addition of EPMgMAH. Elongations at break values of the r-LDPE/TPS blends were significantly improved by using PEgMAH and EPMgMAH. Tm and Tc values have slightly affected by the compatibilizer usage in the DSC analysis. In addition, the better interfacial interaction was observed for the compatibilized blend with the PEgMAH and EPMgMAH during the SEM analysis. It was concluded that PEgMAH and EPMgMAH showed mainly changed results in elongation at break values and this is the important parameter in the packaging industry.