Brutal Aesthetics Effects in Post-War Turkey: Experimental Interior Spaces


Balcı Öztürk Ö.

17th International Docomomo Conference - Modern Design: Social Commitment and Quality of Life, Proceedings, Valencia, Spain, 6 - 09 September 2022, pp.223-231 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Valencia
  • Country: Spain
  • Page Numbers: pp.223-231
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© Design: Social Commitment and Quality of Life, Proceedings.All rights reserved.Turkey was not a part of the Second World War. Due to its intercontinental location, it has been affected by post-war social, economic, and cultural transformations. One of these is the new architectural approaches. International Style, which was effective in Turkish Architecture in the 1950s, was replaced by the revisions of Modernism in parallel with the developments in the 1960s. In this period, which Goldhagen describes as an interregnum between an expiring modernism and dawning postmodernism, experimental designs emerged under the influence of Brutalism in Turkey. The absence of Turkish architectural examples in the publications on Brutalism in the world architectural literature constitutes the originality of this study. Turkey, which is a Mediterranean country and at the same time has an introverted structure due to cultural codes, has unique examples. The examples handled with the theme of introversion are divided into two groups as atrium and courtyard interior designs. Turkish History Association and Turkish Language Institution are involved in the study with two important atrium designs. Turkish History Association exhibits a Brutal aesthetic with the folded plate concrete construction on the atrium roof and the natural materials in the interior. Accordingly, the atrium of Turkish Language Institution has Brutalist influences through the coffered concrete ceiling, the shape of stairs, and the folded glass surface. Middle East Technical University Faculty of Architecture and Istanbul Market-Complex have different Brutalist interior experiences with their courtyards. The courtyard of the faculty provides experimental living spaces with the exhibition of structure, the using of raw materials, and works of Art Brut. Market-Complex has a Brutal aesthetic value with its raw concrete open courtyards and spiral vertical circulation elements. This study presents an intercontinental example of the expansion of global currents combined with cultural diversity. It also examines how Brutalist tendencies are interpreted in Turkey and expose experimental examples.