Analysis of Articles and Theses on Discourse of English as a Foreign Language Classrooms Published Between the Years of 2010 and 2019 in Turkey

İnan Karagül B., Aykut C., Ulu B.

Turkish Studies - Educational Sciences, vol.15, no.1, pp.1-13, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


In recent years, the increasing importance of English in education has grabbed researchers’ attention to the discourse of English as a foreign language (EFL) classes. However, there are not many studies focusing on classroom discourse of EFL classes in the Turkish context even though there are a number of studies conducted abroad. This study aims to compile the research articles and M.A. and PhD theses published between years of 2010 and 2019 written on the issue of EFL classroom discourse to know the scope of the related literature and to light the way for further studies. For this purpose, 27 articles and 24 theses were examined in terms of publication year, numbers of writers, research designs, data collection methods, characteristics of samples, data analysis methods, topics they study and the numbers of references. Databases, namely The Turkish Academic Network and Information Centre (ULAKBİM), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) and Council of Higher Education Thesis Center were used to collect data and the results were given in frequency and percentage tables. It was found out that the number of studies about discourse increased between 2012 and 2016 and articles tended to be written with one or two authors. The number of qualitative studies in which descriptive statistics used outnumbered the other studies. In this regard, interviews and video recording were commonly used for data collection. The number of studies whose participants were mostly teachers and university students outnumbered the other studies. Finally, code-switching was the trend topic among examined studies.