Overmolded polylactide/jute-mat eco-composites: A new method to enhance the properties of natural fiber biodegradable composites

Wis A. A. , KODAL M. , Ozturk S., ÖZKOÇ G.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, cilt.137, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 137 Konu: 20
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/app.48692


Environmentally friendly, biodegradable composites were prepared via overmolding of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) onto PLA/jute-mat, named as "ecosheets," reinforced continuous fiber composite sheets. Film stacking procedure was used to prepare ecosheets via using a hot-press. The fiber orientation was changed as -45 degrees/+45 degrees and 0 degrees/0 degrees. -45 degrees/+45 degrees orientation exhibited higher properties as compared to 0 degrees/0 degrees for ecosheets; therefore, this construction was used to produce overmolded composites (OMCs). The mechanical tests showed that flexural modulus and strength of OMCs were improved in comparison to neat PLA. The dynamic mechanical analysis exhibited that the thermomechanical resistance of PLA was enhanced for OMCs. Scanning electron microscopy investigation showed that the jute/PLA interphase needs to be improved to further increase the properties. It was concluded that one of the biggest advantages of this novel technique was the increase of mechanical properties of PLA without altering the density. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2019, 137, 48692.