Multinational firms as technology determinants in the new era developing countries: survey in Turkey

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Eryigit N., Demirkaya H., Ozcure G.

8th International Strategic Management Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 21 - 23 June 2012, vol.58, pp.1239-1246 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 58
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.1106
  • City: Barcelona
  • Country: Spain
  • Page Numbers: pp.1239-1246
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investment (FDI), Foreign ownership, Labor productivity, Technology spillover, Turkey, INNOVATION
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Multinational corporations (MNCs) are the creator of globalization. Selling their products on all over the world, using the world resources and spreading their production factors make them the main actor in this globalization process. Developing countries gain from the products of these international organizations and improve themselves accordingly. So in the era of new normal, where collaboration and strategic alliances in between world countries increase MNCs play their crucial role. As a developing country Turkey gain from this globalization process. Technological capability of the domestic firms in Turkey are enough to retain the spillover effects of the MNCs. In this study we evaluate Turkey also as a candidate state for European Union (EU) that have some regulations accordingly. The standards of EU has come to Turkey partially because of the Custom Union and also with the MNCs originated in European Economic Area (EEA). This study points out that as a developing country Turkey is technologically competent to have economic development by means of foreign direct investment (FDI) through MNCs. As a candidate state for EU, Ministry of Labour and Social Security (MOLSS) should regulate Turkish Labor Law in order to increase this positive spillover effects of the MNCs for the country. However this is also obligatory for improving our domestic labor structure. Productivity of labor is higher in foreign shared companies operating in Turkey. Also technological capability is higher for foreign partnership if we consider sales and export results of our survey implications.