Empty container movements arising from cargo seasonality: Turkish terminals


Maritime Business Review – Emerald, vol.4, pp.238-255, 2019 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/mabr-03-2019-0011
  • Journal Name: Maritime Business Review – Emerald
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.238-255
  • Keywords: Time series analysis, Cargo seasonality, Empty container movement, JDemetra, Maritime container transportation, Market effect, PORTS, MODEL
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose - The purpose of this study is to reveal the magnitude of empty container movements (ECM) arising from cargo seasonality by means of long-term datasets of Turkish terminals. Trade imbalance is one of the well-known major reasons of ECM. Cargo seasonality apart from some other operational drivers and market effect, i.e. commercial decisions of the ship operators, is the major operational driver in Turkish terminals effecting ECM Furthermore, this study highlights the significance of market effect, leading to take measures for more effective empty container operations in terms of decision makers leading the ship operators.