This study was performed to determine the effectiveness of the Breese scoring system for the diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis with respect to different age groups. Two hundred and two children aged three years and younger (Group 1), and 514 children over three years old (Group 2) with complaints of acute pharyngitis were evaluated by Breese scoring and throat-swab cultures. In Group 1, no significant difference was detected in Breese scoring between subjects who had positive and negative culture for group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS). However, in Group 2 the mean value of the Breese scores was found to be higher in subjects who had positive GABHS. The diagnostic value of Breese scoring was examined for each group. Its sensitivity, and positive and negative predictive values were higher in Group 2 than in Group 1. In conclusion, Breese scoring was determined to be helpful in the diagnosis of streptococcal pharyngitis in children over three years of age.