Comparison of long-term results of trabeculectomy and phacotrabeculectomy in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma: a single-center study


YILMAZ TUĞAN B. , YÜKSEL N. , Kesim E., SUBAŞI S.

INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10792-021-02169-2
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • Keywords: Trabeculectomy, Phacotrabeculectomy, Primary open-angle glaucoma, Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, Combined surgery, MITOMYCIN-C, INTRAOCULAR-PRESSURE, COMBINED PHACOEMULSIFICATION, EXFOLIATION SYNDROME, COMBINED CATARACT, AQUEOUS-HUMOR, SURGERY, OUTCOMES

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate long-term surgical success and complications in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEXG) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) after trabeculectomy or phacotrabeculectomy. Methods 96 PEXG eyes and 114 POAG eyes who underwent primary trabeculectomy and phacotrabeculectomy were retrospectively evaluated considering intraocular pressure (IOP), the number of glaucoma medications, surgical success, and rate of complications. Two success criteria were used: Complete success comprised IOP of 5-18 mmHg and 20% reduction of baseline IOP without medication. Qualified success comprised IOP of 5-18 mmHg and 20% reduction of baseline IOP irrespective of medication. Success rates in PEXG and POAG groups, trabeculectomy and phacotrabeculectomy groups, and four groups divided according to surgery and etiology were analyzed via Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results The complete and qualified success were not different between PEXG and POAG groups. The qualified success curves show a similar pattern among the four groups throughout the follow-up of 1,2,3,5,7 and 9 years. Baseline IOP and the number of medications were similar in all four groups (p = 0.275 and p = 0.209, respectively). IOP levels and the number of medications were not statistically different between the four groups during the follow-up of 2,5 and 7 years. The total number of complications and interventions were similar between PEXG and POAG groups (p = 0.258). Conclusions Phacotrabeculectomy is an effective procedure as trabeculectomy with similar surgical success rates and few surgical complications when it comes to treating PAOG and PEXG patients. Both approaches resulted in similar postoperative IOP levels and medication numbers in both groups.