The Middle Jurassic and Early Cretaceous basalt-radiolarian chert association from the Tekelidag Melange, eastern Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan suture zone (northern Turkey)

Ozkan M., ÇELİK Ö. F. , Soycan H., Cortuk R. M. , Marzoli A.

CRETACEOUS RESEARCH, cilt.107, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


Basaltic and deep-sea sedimentary rocks are widely exposed in the Tekelidag Melange, eastern part of the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan (IAE) suture zone. In this study, we present petrogenetic features of the basaltic rocks and new micropalaeontological data from the radiolarian cherts. The basaltic rocks are divided into two different groups based on whole-rock geochemistry data. The first group of basaltic rocks displays MORB-like geochemical characteristics. The second group exhibits island-arc tholeiite (IAT) geochemical characteristics. The cherts, which coexist within the basaltic rocks, yielded Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous radiolarian assemblages. Late Bajocian (Middle Jurassic) to Tithonian (Late Jurassic) ages were obtained from the radiolarian cherts observed within the MORB-type basalts belonging to the first group. On the other hand, the supra-subduction zone (SSZ)-type basalts belonging to the second group are associated with upper Aalenian (Middle Jurassic) and lower Aptian (Lower Cretaceous) radiolarian cherts. The new Middle-Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous radiolarian dates and MORB- and SSZ-type basaltic rocks are consistent with radio-isotopic ages previously obtained from ophiolites and ophiolitic melanges along the IAE suture zone. The radiolarian ages associated with basaltic rock data indicate that the occurrence of the MORB- and SSZ-type magmatism were simultaneous. The coeval IAT and MORB-like basalt generation inferred to occur in the SSZ environment similar to the South Sandwich back-arc basin system from South Atlantic Ocean, the Mariana Trough (e.g., Fiji and Tonga basin) from the Western Pacific and Coast Range Ophiolite from California. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.