Clinical performance of narrow-diameter titanium-zirconium implants in immediately loaded fixed full-arch prostheses: a 2-year clinical study


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMPLANT DENTISTRY, cilt.7, sa.1, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 7 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1186/s40729-021-00312-3


Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of immediate fixed full-arch prostheses supported by axial or tilted narrow-diameter Ti-Zr implants (3.3 mm) (Roxolid (R), Institut Straumann (R) AG, Basel, Switzerland) (NDIs) in combination with standard-diameter implants up to 2 years' follow-up. Materials and methods The study was conducted at Kocaeli University Faculty of Dentistry from 2016 to 2018. 37 jaws of 28 patients with an average age of 52 years were rehabilitated with fixed full-arch prostheses supported by 179 implants. Cumulative survival rate (CSR), implant success, marginal bone loss (MBL), and prosthetic survival rate as well as complications were analyzed. Results Total CSR of 99.4% and 98.5% for all and narrow implants respectively have been observed at 2 years' follow-up. No prosthesis failures were observed, yielding a cumulative prosthetic survival rate of 100%. The NDIs achieved 0.63 mm MBL at 1 year and 1.02 mm at 2 years. The mean MBL at 1 year was 0.51 mm (mandible 0.63 mm/maxilla 0.41 mm) and 0.73 mm (mandible 0.90 mm/maxilla 0.43 mm) at 2 years. Both implant angulation and loading protocol did not influence the MBL. Conclusions The combination of narrow-diameter implants with standard-diameter implants in immediate fixed full-arch rehabilitation has a good prognosis to become a new standard of care for severely atrophic jaws.