In this study, it was aimed to assess effects of subclinical hyperthyroidism (SH) on bone metabolism using osteoprotegerin (OPG), sclerostin, Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) and biochemical parameters. This cross-sectional prospective study included 40 patients with SH and 40 euthyroid controls. Serum OPG, sclerostin, DKK-1, type-1 procollagen, C-terminal polypeptide (CTx) and 24-hours urine N-terminal telopeptide (NTx) were measures using ELISA kit. Bone mineral density measurements were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Risk for 10-years hip and major fracture was estimated by Turkish version of FRAX. No significant difference was detected in age, gender, body mass index, smoking and menopause rates between SH and control groups. The risk for 10-years hip fracture and major osteoporotic fracture were estimated as 4.45% and 0.55% in SH group, respectively. The OPG levels were significantly lower in patients with SH than controls (P = 0.017). No significant difference was detected in other bone formation and degradation parameters. No significant correlation was detected between OPG level and risk for major osteoporotic fracture (P > 0.05); however, a negative correlation was detected between OPG level and risk for hip fracture (rho = 0.233; P = 0.038). Serum OPG is markedly affected in patients with SH. In addition, OPG seemed to be associated with osteoporotic fracture risk. Available data show that SH is significantly associated with risk for fracture; thus, it is important to assess risk for fracture in patients with SH.