Effects of initial fiber length and fiber length distribution on the properties of carbon-fiber-reinforced-polypropylene composites

Karsli N. G., Aytaç A., Denız V.

JOURNAL OF REINFORCED PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES, vol.31, no.15, pp.1053-1060, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0731684412452678
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1053-1060
  • Keywords: Carbon fiber, composites, polypropylene, mechanical properties, thermal properties, SHORT-GLASS-FIBER, TENSILE PROPERTIES, ORIENTATION, ABS
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, short carbon fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites with three different initial carbon fiber lengths were prepared by using extrusion compounding and injection molding techniques. The physical and morphological properties of the prepared short carbon fiber-reinforced composites were investigated by means of tensile test, differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy. Final fiber length distributions of composites were also determined by using an image analyzing program. It was found that the maximum number of fibers was observed in the range from 51 to 100 A mu m. Number average final fiber lengths were calculated between 230 and 280 A mu m. Regardless of the used initial carbon fiber length, tensile strength and modulus values of the composites increased with the increasing carbon fiber content. It has been concluded that the initial fiber length at the studied range did not have any significant effect on the properties of composites.