Levels of PCDD/Fs in local and non-local food samples collected from a highly polluted area in Turkey

ASLAN KILAVUZ S. , Korucu M. K. , KARADEMİR A. , Durmusoglu E.

CHEMOSPHERE, vol.80, no.10, pp.1213-1219, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.06.008
  • Title of Journal : CHEMOSPHERE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1213-1219


A sampling and analysis program were conducted to determine the PCDD/F levels in various food samples collected in Kocaeli, one of the highly polluted areas in Turkey. Several food samples including animal (egg, chicken, meat and cow's milk) and plant (fruits, leafy vegetables, fruiting vegetables, rooty vegetables and flour) products were collected from both local and non-local (commercial) sources. The local food samples were taken from 20 sampling points selected by taking into account the location of the possible PCDD/F sources, dominant wind directions and representing the major part of the Turkish daily diet The PCDD/F concentrations in local eggs and milk samples were ranged from <1.16 to 10.94 pg TEQ g(-1) fat and from <0.43 to 3.29 pg TEQ g(-1) fat, respectively. On the other hand, the PCDD/F concentrations were measured between 0.28-1.81 pg TEQ g(-1) fat in local meat samples and 0.15-2.92 pg TEQ g(-1) fat in local chicken samples. The PCDD/F concentrations in the plant products were relatively low and most of the congeners were measured below the detection limits except for the leafy vegetables. In addition, several commercial samples were analyzed in order to evaluate the differences of PCDD/F levels in samples collected from both the local and non-local sources. The results showed that the local animal products have higher PCDD/F concentrations than the non-local ones. Moreover, the commercial plant products showed undetectable concentrations for most of the congeners. Finally, the PCDD/F levels in some animal products were found to be higher than the national limit values. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.