Gulenism as "Religionist" Kemalism


ÇAYLAK A. , Dinc G.

INSIGHT TURKEY, cilt.19, ss.181-206, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 19 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.25253/99.2017193.11
  • Dergi Adı: INSIGHT TURKEY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.181-206

Özet

Utilizing Gramsci's conceptualization of hegemonic struggles through both coercive means of the state and also the production of consent in civil society, the article conducts a comparative textual analysis of the writings and speeches of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and Fetullah Gulen. In so doing, the article focuses on four main themes: (1) sacralization of modern knowledge, science, and education; (2) militarism and centrism; (3) statism and corporatism; and, (4) ethnic nationalism and Turkism. It argues that the ideology of the Gulen's "service movement" shares the principles of Kemalism in the above-mentioned domains, while couching them within a religious discursive framework. Since Gulenism uses Quranic terminology out of context and for secular ends, the term "religionist" is used instead of "religious" to describe this ideology.