In this paper, dimensional optimization of a six-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) 3-CCC (C: cylindrical joint) type asymmetric parallel manipulator (APM) is performed by using particle swarm optimization (PSO). The 3-CCC APM constructed by defining three angle and three distance constraints between base and moving platforms is a member of 3D3A generalized Stewart-Gough platform (GSP) type parallel manipulators. The dimensional optimization purposes to find the optimum limb lengths, lengths of line segments on the base and moving platforms, attachment points of the line segments on the base platform, the orientation angles of the moving platform, and position of the end-effector in the reachable workspace in order to maximize the translational and orientational dexterous workspaces of the 3-CCC APM, separately. The dexterous workspaces are obtained by applying condition number and minimum singular values of the Jacobian matrix. The optimization results are compared with the traditional GSP manipulator for illustrating the kinematic performance of 3-CCC APM. Optimizations show that 3-CCC APM have superior dexterous workspace characteristics than the traditional GSP manipulator.