Quinoxaline-Based Semiconducting Polymers: Effect of Fluorination on the Photophysical, Thermal, and Charge Transport Properties


MACROMOLECULES, vol.45, no.16, pp.6380-6389, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/ma3009788
  • Journal Name: MACROMOLECULES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.6380-6389
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: No


A novel fluorinated quinoxaline-based acceptor has been synthesized and then copolymerized with an electron-rich benzodithiophene derivative to yield a low band gap polymer (PBDT-QxF). A non-fluorinated analogue of the same polymer (PBDT-Qx) has also been synthesized in order to disclose the effect of fluorination on polymer properties. PBDT-QxF exhibits better thermal and oxidative stability compared to non-fluorinated analogue. Fluorine atoms induce crystalline domains in solid state-possibly as a result of favorable C F.-H interactions-whereas such ordering is absent in PBDT-Qx. Principal component analysis on variable temperature absorption data collected in solution revealed a stabilization energy of similar to 0.5 kcal mol(-1) per repeat unit upon fluorination. Theoretical calculations predict higher oxidation potential for PBDT-QxF, which is confirmed by experimental data. Theoretical calculations also suggest inductive effect of fluorine atoms on electronic structure. The hole mobility of PBDT-QxF is also higher than that of PBDT-Qx. Overall, the studies show promising photovoltaic properties of this novel monomer if used in low band gap polymers for organic solar cell applications.