FUEL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, vol.92, no.3, pp.452-455, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
In this study, the catalytic activity of dolomite was evaluated for the transesterification of canola oil with methanol to biodiesel in a heterogeneous system. The influence of the calcination temperature of the catalyst and the reaction variables such as the temperature, catalyst amount, methanol/canola oil molar ratio, and time in biodiesel production were investigated. The maximum activity was obtained with the catalyst calcined at 850 degrees C. When the reaction was carried out at reflux of methanol, with a 6:1 molar ratio of methanol to canola oil and a catalyst amount of 3 wt.% the highest FAME yield of 91.78% was obtained after 3 h of reaction time. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.