The effects of urban driving conditions on the operating characteristics of conventional and hybrid electric city buses

Soylu Ş.

APPLIED ENERGY, cilt.135, ss.472-482, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


The basic operating characteristics of a conventional bus (CB) and a hybrid electric bus (HEB) were examined under urban driving conditions. To perform this examination, real-time operating data from the buses were collected on the Campus-Return route of the Sakarya Municipality. The main characteristics examined were the traction, braking, engine, engine generator unit (EGU), motor/generator (M/G), and ultracapacitor (Ucap) energies and efficiencies of the buses.