Transesterification of Canola Oil Using Marble Dust as a Heterogeneous Catalyst


İLGEN O.

ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, cilt.34, ss.1688-1694, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 18
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15567036.2010.483457
  • Dergi Adı: ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1688-1694

Özet

The transesterification of canola oil with methanol was studied in a heterogeneous system, using marble dust catalyst. Effects of the reaction temperature, catalyst amount, methanol/canola oil molar ratio, and reaction time in biodiesel production were investigated. The results show that the methanol/canola oil molar ratio of 6:1, and the catalyst amount of 3 wt% give the highest FAME yield of 89.32% at a reflux temperature of methanol in 3 h. In order to investigate catalyst stability, the marble dust catalyst was recycled three times. The recovered catalysts provided an 86.71 and 48.95% FAME yield for second and third cycles, respectively.