ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, vol.34, no.18, pp.1688-1694, 2012 (SCI-Expanded)
The transesterification of canola oil with methanol was studied in a heterogeneous system, using marble dust catalyst. Effects of the reaction temperature, catalyst amount, methanol/canola oil molar ratio, and reaction time in biodiesel production were investigated. The results show that the methanol/canola oil molar ratio of 6:1, and the catalyst amount of 3 wt% give the highest FAME yield of 89.32% at a reflux temperature of methanol in 3 h. In order to investigate catalyst stability, the marble dust catalyst was recycled three times. The recovered catalysts provided an 86.71 and 48.95% FAME yield for second and third cycles, respectively.