The Diagnostic Value of Laparoscopy for the Evaluation of Patent but Abnormal Tubes on Hysterosalpingography

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CICEK O. S. Y., doger e., Karan A. M., ZEYNALLI M.

Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.9, no.1, pp.35-38, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Objective: The diagnostic value of hysterosalpingography (HSG) findings suggestive of subtle tubal pathologies is controversial. The gold standard method to evaluate the fallopian tubes is laparoscopy. The aim of this study is to explore the laparoscopic findings of patients with abnormal findings but patent tubes detected on HSG. Methods: The study population included infertile women undergoing laparoscopy for further evaluation of abnormal tuba-related findings on HSG. The HSG views were evaluated for the presence of tubal patency and the convoluted tubes, loculation of the dye in the peritubal area, tubal ectasia, and fimbrial phimosis. The type and frequency of pelvic pathologies detected on laparoscopic examination and the predictive value of patent but abnormal fallopian tube finding on HSG were analyzed. Results: A total of 73 laparoscopy cases were eligible. Of these, 18 (25%) had normal laparoscopic findings. In 75% of the cases, there was at least one pelvic pathology detected during laparoscopy. The most common pelvic pathology detected was tubal adhesions. Tubal adhesions were detected in 21 cases (29%). Fimbrial phimosis was detected in 11 cases (13%). Paratubal cysts were detected in 7 cases (10%). Conclusion: While evaluating a HSG, focusing only on tubal patency may result in the failure of detecting subtle tubal pathologies. Clinicians should be familiar with abnormal HSG findings suggestive of tubal abnormalities. Careful examination of the HSG views regarding other tubal pathologies is warranted as these subtle conditions may impair fertility and laparoscopic correction of these pathologies has a positive impact on fertility.