The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and Fourier transform Raman (FT-Raman) spectra of 2,6-dibromo-3-chloro-4-fluoroaniline in the solid phase were recorded and analyzed. Quantum chemical calculations of the optimized molecular structure, energies, nonlinear optical (NLO) analysis, molecular surfaces, and vibrational analysis of this substance were performed. The obtained results on the geometric structure and vibrational frequencies were compared with the observed data. The calculated highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energies also confirm that charge transfer occurs within the molecule. The detailed vibrational assignments were performed using the HF and DFT calculations, and the potential energy distribution (PED) was obtained by the vibrational energy distribution analysis (VEDA4) program. Finally, the effects of the amino, bromo, chloro, and fluoro substituents on the vibrational frequencies were investigated.