Reproductive and obstetric outcomes in mosaic Turner's Syndrome: a cross-sectional study and review of the literature


DOĞER E. , Cakiroglu Y., Ceylan Y., Ulak E., Ozdamar O., Caliskan E.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY, cilt.13, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 13
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1186/s12958-015-0055-7
  • Dergi Adı: REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Özet

Background: Turner's syndrome (TS) is depicted as a total or partial absence of one X chromosome that results in ovarian dysgenesis. Chances of spontaneous pregnancy in TS are rare and the outcome of the pregnancies is known to be poor with an increased risk of miscarriage and stillbirths. Our aim is to evaluate reproductive and obstetric outcomes of natural conception and in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in mosaic TS patients. Methods: A total of 22 mosaic TS cases (seventeen 45, X/46, XX and five 45, X/46, XX/47, XXX karyotypes) were evaluated. Results: Live birth and abortion rates were found as 32.7 % and 67.3 %, respectively in 52 pregnancies. Implantation, clinical pregnancy and take home baby rates were detected as 3.7 %, 8.6 % and 5.7 %, respectively per IVF cycle as a result of 35 cycles. Fecundability analysis revealed that 5 % of the cases experienced first pregnancy within 6 months and 8 % within the first 2 years. Mosaicism ratio did not have an effect on the time to the first pregnancy (p =.149). Conclusion: Only a small proportion of the mosaic TS patients conceive in the first 2 years of the marriage. Age of menarche and age of marriage appear not to have any impact on the chance of conceiving. Mosaic TS cases should counseled about the low odds of pregnancy and high miscarriage rates.