Herein, ZnCr layered double hydroxide (ZnCr LDH), and its nanocomposites with GO and rGO were synthesized using the co-precipitation method. The samples were characterized using XRD, FT-IR, SEM, TEM, BET, and XPS techniques. The sonophotocatalytic activity of the ZnCr LDH, ZnCr LDH/GO, and ZnCr LDH/rGO was investigated via the degradation of rifampicin (RIF) in the ultrasonic bath under visible light irradiation. The synergy index of more than 1 determined for ZnCr LDH/rGO indicated the positive interaction of sonocatalysis and photocatalysis resulted by hybridizing the LDH nanosheets with rGO. The maximum sonophotocatalytic degradation efficiency of 87.3% was achieved in the presence of ZnCr LDH/rGO nanocomposite with the concentration of 1.5 g L-1 for degradation of RIF with an initial concentration of 15 mg L-1 within 60 min sonication under visible light irradiation. The addition of different scavengers indicated that hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anion radicals, and the generated holes played a dominant role in the degradation of the pollutant molecules. A possible degradation mechanism was suggested based on the intermediates. The antibacterial tests confirmed the higher antibacterial activity of ZnCr LDH/GO compared with ZnCr LDH and ZnCr LDH/rGO against Grampositive Staphylococcus aureus.