In this study, commercial hot work tool steels were selected and their wear behaviour under dry sliding condition was investigated after heat treatment applications. In the first stage of the study, solution annealing, quenching, and finally tempering treatments were applied to the experimental steels. All samples were examined by light microscopy after metallographic preparations. In the second stage, hardness values (HRC) of the steels were determined to evaluate the surface resistance to wear. Finally, wear tests were carried out using 'ball-on-disc' type tribometer under dry sliding condition and all worn surfaces were characterized using both light and scanning electron microscopy. It is concluded that (i) the steels had typical tempered martensite matrices, (ii) alloy content affected the final microstructure and a finer matrix was obtained due to vanadium addition, (iii) hardness levels directly affected the coefficient of wear of steels, and (iv) worn surfaces exhibited abrasive and adhesive wear tracks.