Analysis of fiber-reinforced elastomeric isolators under pure "warping"

Pinarbasi S., Mengi Y.

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS, vol.61, no.1, pp.31-47, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/sem.2017.61.1.031
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-47
  • Keywords: bearing, buckling, distortion, elastomeric isolator, fiber-reinforced isolator, rubber, seismic isolation, warping, FINITE-ELEMENT-ANALYSIS, FLEXIBLE REINFORCEMENTS, RIGID SURFACES, COMPRESSION, BEARINGS
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


As a relatively new type of multi-layered rubber-based seismic isolators, fiber-reinforced elastomeric isolators (FREIs) are composed of several thin rubber layers reinforced with flexible fiber sheets. Limited analytical studies in literature have pointed out that "warping" (distortion) of reinforcing sheets has significant influence on buckling behavior of FREIs. However, none of these studies, to the best knowledge of authors, has investigated their warping behavior, thoroughly. This study aims to investigate, in detail, the warping behavior of strip-shaped FREIs by deriving advanced analytical solutions without utilizing the commonly used "pressure", incompressibility, inextensibility and the "linear axial displacement variation through the thickness" assumptions. Studies show that the warping behavior of FREIs mainly depends on the (0 aspect ratio (shape factor) of the interior elastomer layers, (ii) Poisson's ratio of the elastomer and (iii) extensibility of the fiber sheets. The basic assumptions of the "pressure" method as well as the commonly used incompressibility assumption are valid only for isolators with relatively large shape factors, strictly incompressible elastomeric material and nearly inextensible fiber reinforcement.