There is significant increasing interest in phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) inhibition in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Related with this, research has focused on cellular, biochemical, molecular and structural changes in heart tissue induced by PDE4s inhibitors. However, for their clinical applicability additional studies are still needed. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy offers promising approach to contribute such issue due to its ability in detection the changes in biomolecules. By utilizing this method, we examined the effects of PDE4 inhibition by rolipram at 0.05 mg/kg and 0.1 mg/kg doses on content of lipids and proteins, and fluidity, order and packing of membranes in naive mice heart. In treated groups, there was a significant decrease in unsaturated, saturated lipids, cholesterol esters, fatty acids, phospholipids and triacylgylcerols obtained from CH2, C=O, olefinic=CH, and COO- areas, and CH2/lipid, C=O/lipid, olefinic=CH/lipid, and COO-/lipid ratios. Additionally, olefinic=CH area and olefinic=CH/lipid ratio may suggest decreased lipid per oxidation, confirmed by thiobarbituric acid assay. Also, a higher degree of membrane order, slight increase in membrane fluidity and differences in membrane packing were obtained. Amide I and II areas and RNA/protein ratios showed that variation in protein content is not correlated with applied concentration. Analysis of amide I mode predicted alterations in secondary structures like an increase in random coils and decrease in alpha-helices. Moreover, all groups were successfully discriminated by cluster analysis. The corresponding results may help to understand the potential effects of PDE4 inhibition by rolipram.