Vibration suppression of wind turbine nacelle with active electromagnetic mass damper systems using adaptive backstepping control

BAŞARAN S., Bolat F. Ç., Sivrioglu S.

JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND CONTROL, vol.28, no.13-14, pp.1621-1634, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 13-14
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1077546321998878
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1621-1634
  • Keywords: Vibration suspension, electromagnetic actuator, wind turbine, backstepping control
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: No


Many structural systems, such as wind turbines, are exposed to high levels of stress during operation. This is mainly because of the flow-induced vibrations caused by the wind load encountered in every tall structure. Preventing the flow-induced vibration has been an important research area. In this study, an active electromagnetic mass damper system was used to eliminate the vibrations. The position of the stabilizer mass in the active electromagnetic mass damper system was determined according to the displacement information read on the system without using any spring element, unlike any conventional system. The proposed system in this study has a structure that can be implemented as a vibration suppressor in many intelligent structural systems. Two opposing electromagnets were used to determine the instant displacement of the stabilizer mass. The control currents to be given to these electromagnets are determined by using an adaptive backstepping control design. The adaptive controller algorithm can predict the wind load used in the controller design without prior knowledge of the actual wind load. It was observed that the designed active electromagnetic mass damper structure is successful in suppressing system vibrations. As a result, the proposed active electromagnetic mass damper system has been shown to be suitable for structural systems in flow-induced vibration damping.