Soft Computing, vol.25, no.12, pp.7959-7973, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
Since the early 2000s, there has been a long-term price increase trend in the Istanbul housingmarket, and this situation also has
led to price bubble speculations. Since the housing sector was caught with a high level of unsold housing stock to the economic
slowdown emerging in the second half of 2018, housing price bubble speculations have increased even more, especially for
the Istanbul market. In this period, housing loan interest reduction campaigns were implemented by the government through
state banks to stimulate the housing demand, and a probable collapse in the housing market was prevented. On the other
hand, house prices continued to rise during this period due to the stimulated demand. In this paper, we perform a price bubble
research on the selected districts in the Istanbul housing market over the 2007–2019 period using LSTM autoencoder model.
The first analysis on monthly data is performed by using housing price index, housing rent index, consumer prices index,
stock market index, return on government debt securities, USD/TRY exchange rates, BIST price index, monthly deposit
interest rates, mortgage interest rates and consumer confidence index, and the second analysis on quarterly data is carried out
by adding building construction cost index and GDP data to the previous dataset. In the first analysis, the bubble formations
differ regionally and periodically and disappeared toward the end of 2019 in some districts, while in the second analysis,
the housing bubble formations have a more common and continuous appearance. Experimental results show that LSTM
autoencoder model can be used to detect housing bubbles effectively.