Characterization of the Adsorption of Disperse Yellow 211 on Activated Carbon from Cherry Stones Following Microwave-Assisted Phosphoric Acid Treatment

Erdoğan T., Erdogan F.

ANALYTICAL LETTERS, vol.49, pp.917-928, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00032719.2015.1086776
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.917-928
  • Keywords: H3PO4 activation, disperse yellow 211, microwave, Activated carbon, cherry stones, dye adsorption, ANIONIC DYES, DURIAN SHELL, REMOVAL, OIL, OPTIMIZATION, CAPABILITY, MODELS
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Dyes and pigments are environmental concerns because of their nonbiodegradability and toxicity. Many methods have been employed to remove dyes from aqueous solution, and adsorption is considered superior to other techniques. Activated carbon is one of the most widely used adsorbents for this application. In this study, activated carbon was prepared from low cost and locally available cherry stones using phosphoric acid with microwave preparation. Disperse yellow 211 was used as the adsorbate because of its common use in the textile industry. The surface properties of this new adsorbent were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurements, and scanning electron microscopy. The novel activated carbon material was employed for the removal of disperse yellow 211 from aqueous solution at various contact times, pH values, and solution temperatures. The optimum pH was 11. The surface area and micropore volume of the activated carbon were 1998m(2)/g and 0.937cm(3)/g, respectively. Adsorption equilibrium measurements were treated with Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherm models and model parameters were determined. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order equations were fitted to the kinetic data, and the rate constants were evaluated. The kinetics followed a pseudo-second-order equation.