Timely and adequate management of normal and compromised airway is a crucial task facing medical teams taking care of patients in intensive care units. We investigated the airway management practices in the Israeli intensive care units (ICUs). A postal survey was sent to the 20 main ICUs in Israel. We investigated which medical specialty (ICU, anesthesiology or ENT) is involved with airway management in the ICUs and summarized the availability of airway equipment and medication necessary for endotracheal intubation, the use of dedicated airway management algorithms, the approaches to specific airway scenarios and education in airway management. The response rate was 70 % (14 out of the 20 units). Intubation with normal airway is performed mainly by ICU doctors (86 %). A difficult airway is most frequently cared for by anesthesiologists (79 %), while impossible intubation/mask ventilation is mainly managed by anesthesiologists and ENT surgeons (50-79 %). Airways in C-spine injury are mainly managed by anesthesiologists (70 %). Surgical airway is mainly performed by ENT surgeons (79 %). The ASA difficult airway algorithm is used in 71 % of the units. Fiberoptic intubation is used significantly more often than other methods in two scenarios: 78 % of the difficult airways and 64 % of the C-spine injuries (p < 0.0001). Only 43 % of the units reported holding quality assurance meetings. 69 % of the units' heads are satisfied with their airway management policies. Equipment and medications necessary for airway management are available in most of the units. Difficult airways in ICUs are mainly managed by anesthesiologists and ENT surgeons. Few ICUs have quality assurance meetings.