THE PREVALENCE OF HOPELESSNESS AMONG ADULTS: DISABILITY AND OTHER RELATED FACTORS


Hamzaoglu O., Ozkan O., Ulusoy M., Gokdogan F.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY IN MEDICINE, cilt.40, ss.77-91, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 40 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.2190/pm.40.1.f
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY IN MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.77-91

Özet

Background: Hopelessness has become an important issue in the fields of health and social care. Objective: This study aims to determine the prevalence of hopelessness and its association with the current health condition, disability, and other socio-demographic characteristics. Method: The cross-sectional study sampled a population of 501 adults in Bolu, Turkey. Questionnaires included the Household Questionnaire, the Health Condition Questionnaire, Beck Hopelessness Scale, and Brief Disability Questionnaire. Data were collected through face-to-face home interviews between September 29 and October 11, 2003. Results: The prevalence of hopelessness was 30.9%. It was higher among the literate (60.0%) (p < 0.05), males (35.0%) (p > 0.05), and agricultural workers and peasants (50.0%, 41.9%) (p < 0.05). Almost half of the participants were disabled, and 44.6% of the subjects with disabilities were hopeless (p < 0.05). Being without hope was statistically significant with gender, social class, perceived health, and disability (p < 0.05). The risk of hopelessness increased in subjects with perceived bad health, lowered social class, and disability, compared with the reference groups. Conclusions: In this study, hopelessness prevalence was high and it was also associated with the current state of health, perceived health, disability, and some socio-demographic variables. It will be important to increase the number of studies related to hopelessness and associated factors for improved mental health services planning at population level. (Int'l. J. Psychiatry in Medicine 2010;40:77-91)