Investigating the level of medication adherence and subjective recovery in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia


CAN ÖZ Y., Duran S.

Nursing Practice Today, vol.11, no.1, pp.72-79, 2024 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.18502/npt.v11i1.14944
  • Journal Name: Nursing Practice Today
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CINAHL, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.72-79
  • Keywords: medication adherence, schizophrenia, subjective recovery
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background & Aim: Low compliance with medication in patients with schizophrenia may negatively affect the quality of life and subjective recovery. The objective was to analyze the association between medical adherence and subjective recovery in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods & Materials: This descriptive and correlational research was conducted between July and August 2023. 120 patients registered with a Schizophrenia Relatives Association in Türkiye were included in the study using simple random sampling. Demographic questionnaire, Medication Adherence Report Scale, and Subjective Recovery Assessment Scale were used in the study. Percentage, mean, t-test in independent groups, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to data analysis in SPSS 25. Results: Medication Adherence and Subjective Recovery mean scores were 22.85±3.57 and 61.82±15.37 respectively. It was revealed that there is a positive and statistically significant relationship between Medication Adherence and Subjective Recovery scores (r=0.269, p<0.01). As well as between age and Medication Adherence Report Scale (r=0.215, p<0.05). The subjective recovery level was significantly lower in smokers compared to non-smokers (p<0.05). Conclusion: Subjective recovery levels of psychiatric patients can be increased by monitoring their medication adherence levels. Supportive interventions (giving motivational talks for medication use, following up with patients by phone or home visit, etc.) should be implemented for those who do not adhere to their medication regimen.