Evaluation of the efficacy of Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort) oil in the prevention of stricture due to esophageal corrosive burns

AKAY M. A., Akduman M., Tataroglu A. C., Eraldemir C., Kum T., VURAL Ç., ...More

ESOPHAGUS, vol.16, no.4, pp.352-361, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10388-019-00671-2
  • Journal Name: ESOPHAGUS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.352-361
  • Keywords: Corrosive burns, Esophageal stricture, St, John's wort, Stenosis, EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR, MITOMYCIN-C, CAUSTIC INJURY, MANAGEMENT, INGESTION, CHILDREN, STEROIDS, MODEL
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Background/purpose The inflammatory response that follows the caustic burns results in fibrosis on the esophageal wall leading to esophageal stricture, dysphagia, and malnutrition. The controversy over the use of corticosteroids warrants alternative therapeutic interventions. We investigated the effect of extracts from St. John's wort (SJW) with known wound-healing activity on stricture formation in rat esophageal injury models. Methods Five experimental groups were involved: sham group with no injury, control group with injury without treatment, and three different treatment groups (methylprednisolone, SJW extract, and combination of the two). Histopathological examination of esophageal damage and collagen accumulation, stenosis index, and tissue hydroxyproline levels were used to assess stricture and the effect of treatments. Results There was a significant weight loss in all groups except for those without injury and those treated with SJW extract, the latter gained weight albeit not significant. Stenosis index was increased in all groups compared to sham but not significantly in those treated with SJW extract. Histopathological and biochemical analyses produced mixed results. Conclusions Some of the experimental indicators such as weight gain and stenosis index suggested the treatment of esophageal injury models using extracts of St. John's wort effective while other histopathological indicators show no significant benefit.