Maritime Hacking: The International and Criminal Law Framework

Bulut Şahin B. , Fakhry A.

in: The 3rd International Symposium on Naval Architecture and Maritime (INT-NAM 2018), E-Proceeding , Prof Dr Ahmet Dursun Alkan, Editor, INT-NAM 2018- Yildiz Technical University, İstanbul, pp.981-987, 2018

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Publisher: INT-NAM 2018- Yildiz Technical University
  • City: İstanbul
  • Page Numbers: pp.981-987
  • Editors: Prof Dr Ahmet Dursun Alkan, Editor


Cybersecurity in the maritime realm made headlines in 2017 following the spread of ransomware, a type of computer and network virus, in the systems of major shipping companies and providers. Whilst there is extensive literature on maritime piracy in the traditional sense, i.e., an act of violence or depredation directed against the ship, its cargo or the persons aboard, cyber piracy targeting ships and maritime businesses remains a largely unexplored subject. What more, the law surrounding this phenomenon is marred with uncertainty. The objective of this paper is to identify and comment on key legal texts in the international maritime and criminal law spheres that may be relied on by public law officials in preventing and sanctioning hackers targeting the maritime sector.