Structural and conformational, natural bond orbital (NBO) and nonlinear optical (NLO) analysis was performed, and H-1 and C-13 NMR chemical shifts values of 5-(2-Acetoxyethyl)-6-methylpyrimidin-2,4-dione [C9H12N2O4] in the ground state were calculated by using Density Functional Theory (DFT-B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p)) and Hartree-Fock (HF/6-311++G(d,p)) methods. The NMR data were calculated by means of the GIAO, CSGT, and IGAIM methods. In addition, the molecular frontier orbital energies, thermodynamic parameters (in the range of 200-700 K), molecular surfaces, Mulliken charges and atomic polar tensor-based charges were investigated. Besides, the analysis of all possible conformational of the title compound, a detailed potential energy curve for tau(1)(C-8-O-3-C-10-O-4), tau(2)(C-8-O-3-C-10-C-11) and tau(3) (C-3-C-7-C-8-O-3) dihedral angles were performed in steps of 10 from 0 to 360, and depicted to find the most stable form. Finally, the calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show that charge transfer occurs within the title compound. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.