in: MORS IMMATURA In the Shadow of Amanus In Meriam Hayriye Akıl, K. Serdar Girginer,Gonca Dardeniz,Ayça Gerçek,Fatih Erhan,Elif Genç,İrfan Tuğcu,Özlem Oyman-Girginer,M. Cem Fırat,Hakan Gerçek,M. Furkan Tufan, Editor, Ege Yayınları, İstanbul, pp.491-514, 2020
Potsherds, dating to the Hellenistic, Roman and medieval periods, found spread over basalt surface at the medieval castle Domuzdamı, were documented by the Osmaniye Archaeological Survey team. The Domuzdamı Castle located at the South southwest edge of the basalt ranch built over a solid basalt bedrock within the territory of Osmaniye Province. The potsherds, particularly, of those the Hellenistic and Roman period terra sigillata do not belong to the cultural period of the Castle, which was built by the Crusades. Probably, the potsherds belong to one of those ancient settlements in the vicinity. The Domuzdamı Castle is situated between the two prehistoric mounds, the Tatarlı and Telkovan mounds. The cultural layers of Tatarlı mound come to light with systematic archaeological excavations of which a team of Çukurova University archaeologists examines scientifically. The Tatarlı mound excavations reveal a settlement sequence uninterrupted from the Neolithic to the Roman periods. The Telkovan mound as a prehistoric settlement yields potsherds of the Chalcolithic cultures to the Roman period. The Telkovan mound, well-known and visible in the region rising up to 20 meters in height with its conical shape, is at present a registered archaeological site as one of the cultural heritage of the Turkish Republic. The goal of the present study is to identify and date these terra sigillata potsherds based on macroscopic examinations and draw attention to the ceramic tradition in Yukarı Ova, East Plain Cilicia.
Macroscopic analysis of the potsherds revealed that the terra sigillata sherds contain common features sharing similar inclusions, texture, and firing, whereas the color, quality, and application techniques of the slip differ. The shape of vessels denotes a survival of the former period ceramic tradition which endured through the Hellenistic period and evolved into the Roman period. Pale and matt colored slip of the vessels also evolves into glossy bright-colored slips while the technique of the slip develops. Domuzdamı terra sigillata finds prove that the Eastern Sigillata A ceramic production tradition is inherent in East Plain Cilicia, the Eastern Mediterranean as a long-lasting ceramic tradition.