QUANTUM INFORMATION & COMPUTATION, cilt.18, ss.553-578, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
CASCADE protocol is an error detection and correction (EDC) method proposed firstly for use in quantum key distribution (QKD) systems. It is used to detect and correct all the errors in keys transmitted over a noisy quantum channel. This is done by sending some redundant information about the key to receiver as usual. However, just as differently, this extra information is sent over another noiseless classical channel after the quantum transmission is completely finished. Briefly, all the errors in noisy quantum communication are detected and corrected by a later noiseless classical communication using CASCADE protocol. In QKD literature, this EDC process is also called as information reconciliation (IR) or secret key reconciliation (SKR). For an IR protocol in QKD, one of the main performance measures is efficiency which depends on the amount of redundant information sent to make EDC possible. Since this extra information is transmitted over public channels, everyone can get it easily. Because this can damage the secrecy of keys that must be kept secret from third parties, more efficient, that is revealing less information about keys, IR methods are needed. In this paper, we present more efficient implementations of CASCADE protocol, using some inherent information already available in the protocol, exactly known bits and already known parities. This information is used in error detection and correction steps of the protocol to decrease the redundancy in redundant information. Our experiments have shown that the resulting protocols have higher efficiency than both all the previous CASCADE versions and several other more recently proposed IR methods.