Study of droplet transfer mechanism in GMAW

Bingul Z. , Cook G., Koseeyaporn P., Strauss A.

6th International Conference on Trends in Welding Research, Arizona, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, 15 - 19 Nisan 2002, ss.375-379 identifier identifier

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Arizona
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.375-379


A theoretical and experimental approach to computing the droplet transfer frequency in gas metal arc welding is discussed. In this study, welding experiments using a 0.045" diameter, ER70S-6 manganese steel wire were conducted to examine the droplet transfer mechanism using high-speed photography. Changes in both energy and mass inputs to the electrode occur during process control and their transient conditions have significant effects on the transfer frequency. To. develop a more accurate model for the transfer frequency, both the mass conservation and energy balance theories were combined into one model. Such a combined model is more appropriate and suitable for process control and it gives a three-dimensional relationship between transfer frequency, energy and droplet diameter. Knowing this relationship, control of transfer frequency can be implemented to obtain a desired droplet diameter.