The radiation properties of a novel wire antenna for the security fence radar

Salman A. O. , Dibekci D., Gavrilov S. P. , Vertiy A. A.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, vol.56, pp.2852-2864, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tap.2008.928771
  • Page Numbers: pp.2852-2864


The radiation properties of a novel wire antenna are investigated. The main part of this antenna is a sinusoidal wire undulator, which radiates by coupling electromagnetic energy from a Goubau line located near the antenna. Far-field patterns and S-parameters composed of three sets of antenna are measured. The measured patterns are compared with the calculated ones and the phase and attenuation constants of all the antennas are calculated. Frequency behavior and the dependency on the antenna dimensions of those wave parameters are investigated. Measured and calculated field patterns are also compared with the MoM patterns and some properties of the wave propagating along structure are explained by using MoM current distributions. It is shown that a broadside transversal radiation occurs in a narrow frequency band. The radiation intensity strongly depends on the coupling distance between the Goubau line and the sinusoidal undulator. This antenna is used as the basic element of the security fence radar antenna array working at 1.25 GHz in the L-band, which detects intruders approaching the fence. The performance of the antenna in the array is investigated and the near field distribution of the array is measured. The received signals caused by an intruder are given. The effects of rain and wind are also considered. The results suggests that the security fence radar introduced in this study can be used for the perimeter control of closed areas such as airports, malls, etc.