Size distribution of polymers during the photoinitiated free-radical copolymerization of methyl methacrylate and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate


Naghash H., Okay O., Yagci Y.

POLYMER BULLETIN, cilt.37, ss.207-213, 1996 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 37 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 1996
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/bf00294123
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMER BULLETIN
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.207-213

Özet

Photoinitiated methyl methacrylate - ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (MMA / EGDM) copolymerization has been investigated in toluene at a monomer concentration of 35 w/v %. Diphenyl-2,4,6-trimethylbenzoylphosphine oxide (DPTPO) was used as a photoinitiator at 0.3 wt % concentration. Monomer conversions and the size distribution of the polymer molecules were measured as a function of the reaction time up to the onset of macrogelation. Compared to the photoinitiators benzoin or benzoin derivatives, gelation process proceeds at much higher rates in the presence of DPTPO. The size distribution curves obtained by size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) change from monomodal to bimodal distributions as the polymerization proceeds. Strongly bimodal SEC curves were obtained in the close vicinity of the gel point. This finding confirms the coagulation type gelation mechanism of compact primary particles. It also indicates that the present gelation theories cannot describe the structure dependent kinetics of free-radical crosslinking copolymerization.