Determination of Temporary Shelter Areas in Natural Disasters by GIS: A Case Study, Gölcük/Turkey

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Şentürk E., Erener A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND GEOSCIENCES, vol.2, no.3, pp.84-90, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.26833/ijeg.317314
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.84-90
  • Keywords: GIS, Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, Natural Disaster, Temporary Shelter
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Disaster is a natural or human-induced event that adversely affects the individual or the society. The magnitude of a disaster is measured by directly proportional to the damage it causes. In order to bring disaster and damage to a minimum level, it is quite important to plan and implement the evacuation and to place the victims in a safer region. Therefore, in this study the most suitable temporary shelter site selection will be investigated by the multi-criteria decision analysis method based on GIS for Kocaeli Gölcük district. For this purpose, 15 criteria were determined by considering literature search, the mutual interviews with the disaster experts and priorities of the Gölcük district. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to determine the criteria weights. Analyses were made using ArcGIS, QGIS, and ERDAS software. All raster maps were classified at the same scale, the classification was completed by giving the highest score for the most suitable conditions and the lowest score for the unsuitable conditions. Classified raster maps were used in the overlay analysis on GIS and suitability map of temporary shelter areas was obtained for Gölcük district. As a result, 243.900 m2 of temporary shelter region was selected by a manual process from the most and very suitable areas within the boundary of the Gölcük.