INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRO-EURASIAN RESEARCH (IJAR), vol.7, no.13, pp.41-56, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
The only maritime transit point connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea in world maritime trade, the Istanbul and Dardanelles straits and the Sea of Marmara, called the Turkish straits system, have a very important place in marine trade for centuries. The Straits of Istanbul and Çanakkale, which are called the Turkish Straits, host the passage of many ships every day due to their strategic location. Oil ships constitute a significant part of the cargo ships passing through the Turkish Straits. Accidents of oil tanker ships and the marine pollution they cause are also very dangerous. The Torrey Canyon accident in 1967 became a turning point in the field of marine pollution in oil transportation. At the call of the International Maritime Organization, the countries of the world gathered and it was decided to take measures to compensate the damage of the marine pollution caused by the oil tanker accidents. Later, the International Maritime Organization prepared the International Convention on Legal Liability for Oil Pollution Damages. With this contract, whose short name is the CLC 69 contract, it is aimed to compensate the damages caused by the ships that cause pollution as a result of accident. The CLC 69 contract was renewed with the CLC 92 protocol, which was developed with the needs and disagreements that occurred over time. With the renewals, the countries signed the new protocol. Turkey is among the countries that are party to the CLC 69 convention. Within the scope of the CLC 69 contract and the CLC 92 protocol, the passage of ships through the Turkish Straits is under control. In this study, the regulations applied for ships transiting through the Turkish Straits within the scope of Turkey's CLC 69 contract are examined. Experts, each of whom has an important background in the sector, were asked questions about the applications and the answers were analyzed. It has been tried to examine how the ships passing through the Turkish Straits are affected by the implementations of the CLC 69 convention and the CLC 92 protocol.