Novel unsaturated piperazine and homopiperazine derivatives(3a-h)were synthesized in medium to good yields by acylation reactions of piperazine and homopiperazine with methacrylic anhydride(2a)and benzoyl chloride(2b). Piperazine containing dihydrofuran compounds (5a-l)were obtained from radical addition and cyclizations of3a-hwith 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds such as dimedone(4a), ethyl acetoacetate(4b)and acetylacetone(4c)mediated by Mn(OAc)(3)for the first time. While the reaction of3b(1-methacryloylpiperazine) with4aand4bgave bis-dihydrofurans (5band5d) beside mono-dihydrofurans (5aand5c), the reaction of3b-e,3g,3h, and3ewith 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds gave mono dihydrofuran compounds (5f-l) in medium to high yields. Structures of all novel compounds were determined by melting point analysis,H-1 NMR,C-13 NMR, HRMS, and FTIR methods. All piperazine containing dihydrofuran compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory activities toward acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by Ellman method and IC(50)values were presented. Compounds5c,5d,5e,5i, and5lshow highest inhibitory activities with IC(50)values of 5.79, 3.89, 5.07, 4.30, and 2.24 mu M, respectively. In addition, molecular docking studies were performed on selected structures5d,5i, and5lto investigate ligand-protein interactions. Binding energies were calculated and compared with standart drug donepezil.