A new approach for the reuse of scrap carbon fiber in high-added value continuous fiber reinforced composite structures

Kocog H., KODAL M., Altan M. C., Ozcelik B., Ozkoc G.

COMPOSITES PART A-APPLIED SCIENCE AND MANUFACTURING, vol.163, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 163
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2022.107272
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Carbon fibres (A), Laminates (A), Interface, interphase (B), Compression moulding (E), SILANE COUPLING AGENTS, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, ABS
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


This study proposes an innovative processing approach for high-added value hybrid fiber-reinforced composite structures by reusing scrap carbon fiber (CF). Thermoplastic prepregs were produced via wet-laid method using chopped polyamide 6.6 fibers as matrix and short scrap CFs as the reinforcing phase. These prepregs were then hot stacked with woven glass fabrics, forming a novel hybrid lightweight composite laminate. Silane treatment was used to improve the adhesion of glass fabric to the novel wet-laid scrap CF/PA6.6 prepregs. Tensile, flexural, dynamic-mechanical, and morphological properties of the composites were examined to characterize the effectiveness of the hybridization of short scrap CFs and glass fabric. The results showed that short scrap CF in the laminates increased the tensile strength up to 30 % and flexural strength up to 60 %. Moreover, silane surface modification of the glass fabric yielded a 140 % improvement in the flexural strength of scrap CF/PA6.6 prepreg-glass fabric hybrid laminates.