Water Scarcity in Kocaeli/Turkey: Problems and Measures


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Bobat A.

Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, cilt.6, ss.39-52, 2019 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Dergi Adı: Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.39-52

Özet

Because of water scarcity at the Yuvacik Reservoir and the other water resources in 2006 and 2014, there could be a difficulty in raw water storage and supply of these resources which would result in water problems on demand side. Therefore, a water pipeline with 5 pumps was constructed from Lake Sapanca to Yuvacik Water Treatment Plant. But the ecological system of Lake Sapanca was affected negatively. In July 2014, new water resources were added to public supply system of Kocaeli Metropolitan City (KMC), and water amount used from Yuvacik Dam and Treatment Plant decreased to the level of 121 Mm3 while it was 129 Mm3 and 122 Mm3 in 2013 and 2012 respectively. This paper aims to call the attentions the importance of the planning regarding the climate change and water scarcity and to reveal that drought will be able to overcome on the scale of KMC.