Effect of Organic Carbon Fraction on Long-term Atrazine Elution Tailing for Two Heterogeneous Porous Media: Experimental and Modeling Approach


AKYOL N. H. , ÖZBAY İ. , ÖZBAY B.

WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION, cilt.226, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 226 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11270-015-2639-4
  • Dergi Adı: WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION

Özet

A series of column experiments was conducted to evaluate the effect of organic carbon fraction on long-term atrazine elution tailing for calcareous soil (foc=0.97 %) and calcareous soil with 10 % by weight terra rossa amendment (foc=1.20 %). Effluent atrazine concentrations were monitored for approximately 400 pore volume to understand the influence of controlling sorption-desorption kinetics on long-termtailing behavior. Laboratory studies showed that the sorption of atrazine was described by rate-limited, nonlinear reversible processes for both soils. Atrazine transport exhibited extensive elution tailing for all experiments due to the presence of hard carbon components such as black carbon and kerogen in both soils. This nonlinear sorption and extensive atrazine tailing behavior were more pronounced and extensive for soil with terra rossa amendment due to the addition of approximately 20 % organic carbon including 10% hard carbon components from terra rossa soil. A mathematical model incorporating nonlinear, rate-limited sorption/desorption described by a continuous distribution function was used to successfully simulate atrazine transport early-time breakthrough and long-term concentration tailing for both porous media.