Effects of polyamide 6 incorporation to the short glass fiber reinforced ABS composites: an interfacial approach


Ozkoc G. , BAYRAM G., BAYRAMLI E.

POLYMER, cilt.45, ss.8957-8966, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 26
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.polymer.2004.10.026
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMER
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.8957-8966

Özet

The properties of 30 wt% short glass fiber (SGF) reinforced acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) terpolymer and polyamide 6 (PA6) blends prepared with extrusion were studied using the interfacial adhesion approach. Work of adhesion and interlaminar shear strength values were calculated respectively from experimentally determined interfacial tensions and short beam flexural tests. The adhesion capacities of glass fibers with different surface treatments of organosilanes were evaluated. Among the different silanes tested, gamma-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APS) was found to be the best coupling agent for the glass fibers, possibly, because of its chemical compatibility with PA6. Tensile test results indicated that increasing amount of PA6 in the polymer matrix improved the strength and stiffness of the composites due to a strong acid-base interaction at the interface. Incorporation of PA6 to the SGF reinforced ABS reduced the melt viscosity, broadened the fiber length distributions and increased the toughness of the composites. Fractographic analysis showed that the incorporation of PA6 enhanced the interactions between glass fibers and the polymeric matrix. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.