Principal component analysis calibration method for dual-luminophore oxygen and temperature sensor films: Application to luminescence imaging


LANGMUIR, vol.21, no.20, pp.9110-9120, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Name: LANGMUIR
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.9110-9120
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: No


Oxygen sensor films are frequently used to image air-pressure distributions on surfaces in aerodynamic wind tunnels. In this application, the sensor film is referred to as a pressure-sensitive paint (PSP). A Stern-Volmer calibration is used to relate the emission intensity ratio of a long-lifetime luminescent dye (the pressure-sensitive luminophore, PSL) to surface air pressure. A major problem in PSP measurements arises because the Stern-Volmer calibration of the PSL's emission varies with temperature. To correct for the temperature dependence, a second luminescent dye that has an emission that varies with temperature (the temperature-sensitive luminophore, TSL) is incorporated into the sensor film. With such a dual-luminophore PSP (DL-PSP), it is possible to measure the surface-temperature distribution with the TSL emission, and this information is then used to correct the temperature dependence of the PSL's pressure response. In the present article, we report the application of a DL-PSP to obtain high-resolution air-pressure distributions on a surface that is subjected to a 20 degrees C temperature gradient. Two different calibration methods are used to generate surface-temperature and air-pressure distributions from the luminescence imaging data, and a quantitative comparison of the results obtained from the two methods is provided. The first method is based on an intensity-ratio calibration that uses luminescence images collected at two wavelengths, one corresponding to the TSL emission and the second corresponding to the PSL emission. The second method is based on principal component analysis (PCA) of luminescence images obtained at four wavelengths throughout the spectral region of the TSL and PSL emission (hyperspectral imaging, 550-750 nm). The results demonstrate that the PCA method allows the measurement of surface air pressure with higher accuracy and precision compared to those of the intensity-ratio method. The improvement is especially significant at pressures near 1 atm, where the temperature interference is most pronounced. Surface-pressure distributions are measured with comparable accuracy and precision with the two methods.