Comparison of the results of response surface methodology and artificial neural network for the biosorption of lead using black cumin


Bingöl D. , Hercan M., Elevli S., Kilic E.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, cilt.112, ss.111-115, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 112
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.02.084
  • Dergi Adı: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.111-115

Özet

In this study, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) were employed to develop an approach for the evaluation of heavy metal biosorption process. A batch sorption process was performed using Nigella saliva seeds (black cumin), a novel and natural biosorbent, to remove lead ions from aqueous solutions. The effects of process variables which are pH, biosorbent mass, and temperature, on the sorbed amount of lead were investigated through two-levels, three-factors central composite design (CCD). Same design was also utilized to obtain a training set for ANN. The results of two methodologies were compared for their predictive capabilities in terms of the coefficient of determination-R-2 and root mean square error-RMSE based on the validation data set. The results showed that the ANN model is much more accurate in prediction as compared to CCD. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.