Characteristics of vector propagation channels in dynamic mobile scenarios

Kavak A., Yang W., Xu G., Vogel W.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, vol.49, no.12, pp.1695-1702, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


In wireless communications, the performance of a smart antenna system depends heavily upon vector channels describing channel propagation between an antenna array and a mobile subscriber. The smart antennas perform quite well in stationary mobile environments in which channel propagation characteristics are stable. However, in dynamic wireless environments where the mobile user is in motion, knowledge of how vector channels are affected is necessary for the proper operation of smart antennas. Here, we experimentally investigate the variation of vector channel parameters such as spatial signatures, directions-of-arrival (DOAs), and complex path attenuations with small movement (2lambda) of the mobile under typical line-of-sight (LOS), line-of-sight with local scatterer (LOSLS), and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) propagation scenarios. The experiments are conducted using a 1.8-GHz smart antenna testbed developed at The University of Texas at Austin and a mobile transmitter. The results show that with small displacements, DOAs remain approximately unchanged and spatial signatures change due primarily to complex attenuations. Spatial signatures are very susceptible to the movement in the NLOS scenario, reaching up to 90% relative angle change within 2lambda displacement. However, in the LOS scenario, they exhibit small and periodic fluctuations with a period of 0.6lambda.